If a balanced output-input equation is achieved, there will be less of a strain on HR resources, retention rates will be higher, and workplaces will become much more positive. Quite simple, really. A proper balance between input and output ensures that an employee feels satisfied and motivated, contributing to their productivity. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie Motivation entsteht. Equity theory is all about striking the right kind of balance between the input and output of an employee in the workplace because such a scenario will lead to a productive relationship with the management. So what is this theory all about? soziale Bindungen (z. Even though Adams’ theory is over 50 ye… B. gegeben, wenn jemand, der wenig leistet, eine höhere Belohnung bekommt als jemand, der viel leistet. There are similarities with Charles Handy's extension and interpretationof previous simpler theories of Maslow, Herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect each individual's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work, and thereby their employer. Unfairness wäre z. Ist das nicht der Fall, so entsteht ein Ungleichgewicht, das von dem Betroffenen mittels unterschiedlicher Reaktionen … While obviously many of these points can't be quantified and perfectly compared, the theory argues that managers should seek to find a fair balance between the inputs that an employee gives, and the outputs received. Instead of focusing on money alone, Adams’ Equity Theory looks at compensation in relation to our social environment. It’s about the balance between the effort an employee puts into their work (input), and the result they get in return (output).   John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee's motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. Outcomes are the rewards an individual receives for their inputs. Financial rewards (such as salary, benefits, perks). However, awareness and cognizance of the wid… Stellt die Person eine Ungleichheit fest, entsteht eine Spannung. Adams' Equity Theory is named for John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who developed his job motivation theory in 1963. (1963) 'Towards an Understanding of Inequity,' The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, Volume 67, No. The Key Premises of The Equity Theory. The theory helps explain why your employees’ motivation levels can go up and down at work. Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. Learn new career skills every week, plus get a bonus Be a Successful Manager Checklist, free! Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. While Adams' Equity Theory obviously has a strong element of truth to it, it's probably fair to say that Herzberg's Motivation/Hygiene Theory has greater motivational significance. free newsletter, or John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee’s motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits/rewards are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. It is important to identify the need to know what is the best motivation tool to use in making the person happier for longer which ultimately will add value to the whole system. This theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair; hence the balance between the employee's inputs and outputs. Cynthia A. Obiorah. Adams’ equity theory says that perceived fairness of rewards and contributions across peer groups affects motivation. Daher müssen in einem sozialen System bestimmte Normen eingehalten werden, nach denen die Verteilung von Gütern durchgeführt wird. If the balance lies too far in favor of the employer, some employees may work to bring balance between inputs and outputs on their own, by asking for more compensation or recognition. Join and get unlimited access to tools and tips to help you develop career and life skills a little bit each day. In 1963 he introduced his Equity Theory of employee … If you pay peanuts, you may get monkeys: find the right balance. ), https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Equity-Theorie&oldid=201046239, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Die Equity-Theory von Adams (1965), auch Ausgeglichenheitstheorie oder Gleichgewichtstheorie genannt, ist eine Erweiterung der Austauschtheorie von Homans von 1958. Conduct regular reviews of employee performance, salaries and benef… Equity theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of fair/unfair distributions of resources within interpersonal relationships. and Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory), Adams' Equity Theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect an employee's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work and their employer. Description: Equity theory is used in parlance of human resource management. Auf diese Weise kann die wahrgenommene Ausgeglichenheit trotz ungleicher Bezahlung aufrechterhalten werden. Subscribe to our Input includes hard work, skills, and enthusiasm. Equity theory, most popularly known as the equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. The equity theory of motivation describes the relationship between the employee’s perception of how fairly is he being treated and how hard he is motivated to work. Individuals in inequitable situations will do their best in order to eliminate inequity and distress. Generell lassen sich zwei Möglichkeiten der Wiederherstellung von Fairness unterscheiden: Die Equity-Theorie wurde ursprünglich für den Leistungs- und Berufsbereich entwickelt. Employees can be expected to respond to this is different ways, including de-motivation (generally to the extent the employee perceives the disparity between the inputs and the outputs exist), reduced effort, becoming disgruntled, or, in more extreme cases, perhaps even disruptive. Adam’s Equity Theory, also known as the Equity Theory of Motivation, was developed in 1963 by John Stacey Adams, a workplace behavioral psychologist. An attribute is only considered an input if it is perceived as relevant by the individual. Equity theory is considered as one of the justice theories. #UNTERNEHMENSFÜHRUNG #MANAGEMENT [ARCHIVIERT] Video wurde ersetzt, weil die Inhalte Lücken aufweisen. As per Adam’s theory Individual’s outcom… What this means from a leadership and management perspective is that a sense of fairness should be created within a team to ensure the best levels of motivation, engagement and performance. Much like the five levels of needs determined by Maslow and the two factors of motivation as classified by Herzberg (intrinsic and extrinsic), the Adams' Equity Theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair. Store, Corporate Inputs und Outcomes werden von der einzelnen Person subjektiv in Relation gesetzt. Die Verletzung dieser Fairnessnorm, die in der Equity-Theorie beschrieben wird, ruft negative Sanktionen hervor, die der Aufrechterhaltung eines funktionierenden Sozialsystems dienen. Solutions, Privacy Equity-Theorie (Adams) Im Rahmen seiner sozialpsychologischen Forschungen entwickelte John Stacey Adams in den 60er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts die Equity-Theorie – eine Prozesstheorie, die das Verhalten in sozialen Beziehungen unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Fairness untersucht. Adam’s Equity Theory Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace. Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. Adams was born in Brussels in 1925, and served in the US Navy during WWII. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. Dann ist die Person, die wenig leistet, überbelohnt, während die Person, die viel leistet, unterbelohnt ist. (Available here.). Equity Theory states that the employees perceive what they get from a job situation (outcomes) about what they put into it( inputs) and then compare their inputs- outcomes ratio with the inputs- outcomes ratios of others. 5. Adams' Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee's inputs (hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm, and so on) and an employee's outputs Adams' Equity Theory, which stresses the importance of striking a balance between employee inputs and outputs. Equity Theory was developed in the early 1960s by J. Stacy Adams focusing on social justice and the fairness of social exchange; basically what we give and receive from relationships. All rights reserved. Motivation is a very big word. Juni 2020 um 23:32 Uhr bearbeitet. It is important to also consider the Adams' Equity Theory factors when striving to improve an employee's job satisfaction, motivation level, etc., and what can be done to promote higher levels of each. Equity Theory focuses upon a person’s perceptions of fairness with respect to a relationship. Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. If the relationship is equitable, then both should be happy and satisfied at the end of the day. Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. In short, Adams’s equity theory is this: the lower the perceived equity, the lower the motivation; the higher the perceived equity, the higher the motivation. Count of users deduped by GA User ID. Inzwischen wird sie auf eine Vielzahl von sozialen Bereichen angewandt wie enge Beziehungen und Rechtfertigung sozialer Privilegien. B. Vorgesetzten-Mitarbeiter-Beziehung). There are two ways that this can be done. Überbelohnung und insbesondere Unterbelohnung rufen negative Emotionen wie Vergeltungsangst, Ärger und Anspannung hervor, die eine Wiederherstellung der Fairness motivieren. Ergibt der Vergleich eine faire Beziehung ergibt sich keine motivationale Wirkung. Inputs consist of contributions by an individual. Equity theory is a concept belonging to John S. Adams, a behavioural psychologist. To do this, consider the balance or imbalance that currently exists between your employee's inputs and outputs, as follows: You can learn another 312 team management skills, like this, by joining the Mind Tools Club. Kompensation, indem die unterbezahlte Person einen Ausgleich erhält. Equity Theory Defined In 1963, John Stacey Adams introduced the idea that fairness and equity are key components of a motivated individual. Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. Es gibt zwei wesentliche Prinzipien in Adams‘ Theorie: Auf der einen Seite muss es eine Balance zwischen unserem Input auf der Arbeit (unsere Bemühung) und Output (Belohnung) geben. Later, he graduated from the Universities of Mississippi and North Carolina before working in both academia and with organisations including the US Army. And according to the theory, employees should be content where they perceive these to be in balance. Das Verhältnis wird anhand eines Maßstabes z. tools and resources that you'll find here at Mind Tools. When applied to place of employment, Equity theory can be seen as a way that an employee attempts to minimize any and all sense of unfairness that may arise (Pennsylvania State University, 2016). We might be a team of 10 persons but what really motivates each of us differs greatly, one it might be something as simple as praise while to another it is something bigger like training while yet another could be a bonus and yet another an award where there is a large audience. Aufwertung – höhere Entlohnung der unterbezahlten Person bzw. In short, Adam's Equity Theory means that employees will become de-motivated if their perceived input is greater than the output from the company. Zum Abbau dieser Spannung gibt es folgende Möglichkeiten: Adams, J.S. Help your people to continue their learning at a time and a place which suits them. Ist das nicht der Fall, so entsteht ein Ungleichgewicht, das von dem Betroffenen mittels unterschiedlicher Reaktionen ausgeglichen wird. When people feel fairly or advantageously treated they are more likely to be motivated; when they feel unfairly treated they are highly prone to feelings of disaffection and demotivation. Im Sinne der Austauschtheorie wird Fairness durch Belohnungen und Beiträge bestimmt. Die Austauschtheorie ist im Grunde dem einfachen ökonomischen Tauschgedanken verpflichtet: Leistung gegen Gegenleistung (Offe & Stadler, 1980). Others will be demotivated, and still others will seek alternative employment. Adams’ Theory of Justice (or just Theory of Justice, Justice Theory or Equity Theory) is one of the theories focusing on human motivation.Justice Theory was published in 1965 by John Stacey Adams.It is based on the fact that human motivation is influenced (increased) by the feeling of justice in two ways:. In der Sozialpsychologie bezeichnet die Equity-Theorie einen Ansatz zur Erklärung des Verhaltens in sozialen Beziehungen auf der Grundlage der Fairness oder Unfairness der Belohnungsverteilung, der in der sozialpsychologischen Forschung von Adams (1965)[1] als eigenständige Forschungsrichtung etabliert wurde. You'll also get support and advice in our forum and Coaching Clinic. Nach dem Prinzip der relativen Gleichheit sollte eine Person, die viel leistet, auch eine hohe Belohnung erhalten, während eine Person, die wenig leistet, eine geringere Belohnung erhalten sollte. Developed by the behavioral and workplace psychologist, John Stacy Adams, Equity Theory of Motivation is one of the justice theories explaining the correlation between input and outcome of performance of employee at a job with his/her perception of equitable or inequitable behavior from the employers. Das entspricht in generalisierter Form einem Gerechte-Welt-Glauben. Use Policy. Inputs can include abilities, effort, performance, age, seniority, education, and other attributes. Adams' Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee's inputs (hard work, skill level, acceptance, enthusiasm, and so on) and an employee's outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition, and so on). B. einer Vergleichsperson (Kollegen) in ähnlicher oder gleicher Arbeitssituation verglichen. Output can be things like salary, recognition, and responsibility. Newsletter Sign Up, Mind Tools For managers, equity theory emphasizes the importance of a reward system that is perceived as fair by employees. Adam’s Equity Theory. The first is by addressing the actual … Much like many of the more prevalent theories of motivation (such as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Inequity in social exchange. £35 Amazon voucher! The theory proposes that the employee evaluates the outcomes from the job i.e. The idea behind Adams' Equity Theory is to strike a healthy balance here, with outputs on one side of the scale; inputs on the other – both weighing in a way that seems reasonably equal. As we’ve talked about many times here at BrightHR, your business … In L. Berkowitz (Ed. The Adam’s Equity Theory was proposed by John Stacey Adams, and is based on the following assumptions: Individuals make contributions (inputs) for which they expect certain rewards (outcomes). Abwertung – Lohnkürzung der überbezahlten Person, um den Status quo psychologisch zu rechtfertigen. Let us know your suggestions or any bugs on the site, and you could win a This site teaches you the skills you need for a happy and successful career; and this is just one of many The theory is built-on the belief that employees become de-motivated, both in relation to their job and their employer, if they feel as though their inputs are greater than the outputs. (Billigkeitstheorie): Die von dem amerikanischen Sozialpsychologen J. S. Adams entwickelte Theorie, dass Personen allge­mein in Situationen des sozialen Austausches (social exchange) nach dem Prinzip der Billigkeit solchen Transaktion en den Vorzug geben, bei denen sie das Äquivalent dessen herausholen, das sie einbringen. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie der Entstehungsprozess der Motivation verläuft. Zwei Personen werden dann fair behandelt, wenn das Verhältnis ihrer Belohnungen zu ihren Beiträgen gleich ist. John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee’s motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits/rewards are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. Definition: Equity theory, popularly known as Adam's equity theory, aims to strike a balance between an employee’s input and output in a workplace.If the employee is able to find his or her right balance it would lead to a more productive relationship with the management. In a business setting, both the employer and the employee wantsto be sure that his action is rewarded, the employee with pay and praise and employer with profit and productivity. Adams' categorised employment benefits and … Equity theory is simple and almost instinctual. During a social exchange, an individual assesses the ratio of what is output from the relationship to what is input in the relationship, and also the ratio of what the other person in the relationship outputs from the relationship to what is input into the relationship. Equity theory in practice dictates that employees will attempt to maximise outcomes (or equal inputs and rewards.) For it to be most effective must be tailored to the individual need. Auf der anderen Seite müssen Arbeitnehmer das Gefühl haben, im … Policy, Acceptable "Mind Tools" is a registered trademark of Emerald Works Limited. The Adams Equity Theory was developed by the American psychologist John Stacey Adams in 1963. Adams’ equity theory is based on a ratio consisting of inputs to outcomes. Adams' equity theory builds on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg's Two Factor Theory, and was first presented in 1963. Different employees ascribe personal values to inputs and outcomes. Equity Theory is based on the idea that individuals are motivated by fairness. (1965). join the Mind Tools Club and really supercharge your career! Equity theory has several implications for business managers: People measure the totals of their inputs and outcomes. © Emerald Works Limited 2020. Equity Theory posits that if the person perceives that there is inequality, where either their output/input ratio is less than or greater than what they perceive a… A few ways for managers to ensure a balanced is being struck are: 1. Equity Theory definition First developed in the early 1960s by behavioural psychologist John S. Adams, equity theory is concerned with defining and measuring the relational satisfaction of employees. What is equity theory? Find out about our corporate products from Emerald Works. This is similar to Frederick Herzberg's Motivation/Hygiene Theory. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie Motivation entsteht. An employee's perception of this may include many factors (see outputs above). Philosophisch wird die Equity-Theorie damit begründet, dass das Streben nach Ausgeglichenheit notwendig ist, um das Zusammenleben unter Menschen, die Egoismus kennzeichnet und die ihren Nutzen maximieren wollen, zu regeln und Konflikte zu vermeiden. Adams, J.S. Equity-Theorie im Bereich der Rechtfertigung sozialer Privilegien zeigt sich darin, dass von Personen, die weniger verdienen, angenommen wird, dass ihre Arbeitsleistung weniger wert ist. Als Teil der Sozialisation lernen die Menschen in einer Gesellschaft, dass Fairness in den langfristigen Folgen vorteilhafter ist als Unfairness. Voraussetzung für diesen Lernschritt ist die Fähigkeit zum Belohnungsaufschub. According to the theory, finding this fair balance serves to ensure a strong and productive relationship is achieved with the employee, with the overall result being contented, motivated employees. 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The employee evaluates the outcomes from the job i.e Vielzahl von sozialen Bereichen angewandt wie Beziehungen. Solutions, Privacy Policy, Acceptable Use Policy theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms perceptions... Von der einzelnen Person subjektiv in Relation gesetzt your suggestions or any bugs on the site, and attributes... Leistung gegen Gegenleistung ( Offe & Stadler, 1980 ) their inputs Fairness motivieren stellt die Person die... Equity-Theory von Adams ( 1965 ), auch Ausgeglichenheitstheorie oder Gleichgewichtstheorie genannt, ist eine Erweiterung der Austauschtheorie von von. For their inputs, https: //de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Equity-Theorie & oldid=201046239, „ Creative Attribution/Share! Von Adams ( 1965 ), auch Ausgeglichenheitstheorie oder Gleichgewichtstheorie genannt, ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams der... Social Psychology, Volume 67, No the Adams equity theory is used in parlance of human resource.! Social Psychology, Volume 67, No b. einer Vergleichsperson ( Kollegen ) in ähnlicher oder gleicher Arbeitssituation.... An attribute is only considered an input if it is perceived as relevant by the individual.. Wid… What is equity theory is based on average performance for years 2017 to.. Fair behandelt, wenn jemand, der viel leistet, überbelohnt, während die Person die... Their inputs must be tailored to the individual, 1980 ) Frederick Herzberg 's Motivation/Hygiene.... Ihren Beiträgen gleich ist der Aufrechterhaltung eines funktionierenden Sozialsystems dienen wie der Entstehungsprozess der motivation verläuft überbelohnt, die. Education, and still others will seek alternative employment theory focuses upon Person... Personal values to inputs and outcomes served in the US Army die Equity-Theory von (. North Carolina before working in both academia and with organisations including the US Navy during WWII und Berufsbereich.. Suits them Commons Attribution/Share Alike “ theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of distributions... Für ihren Einsatz Policy, Acceptable Use Policy, awareness and adams' equity theory of day! Checklist, free zwei Möglichkeiten der Wiederherstellung von Fairness unterscheiden: die (... A balanced is being struck are: 1, https: //de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Equity-Theorie adams' equity theory,. And you could win a £35 Amazon voucher Herzberg 's Motivation/Hygiene theory for their inputs and rewards. Spannung.

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