To add custom action buttons for different scenarios, use the buttons[] array. 19 January 2019. 4.7 0.0 remirror VS react-medium-editor React wrapper for medium-editor. npx create-react-app collaborative-rte cd collaborative-rte yarn add sharedb rich-text quill. */, /** We could see that it is in sync between tabs. The behavior and appearance of a text editor can be extracted at any point in time like a snapshot and stored in a simple javascript object. react-medium-editor. The text editor is based on the famous Draft.js framework. In case of conflicts the server's transform function takes two operations as inputs and tries to apply the second operation preserving the first operations intended change. For example, automatic web socket reconnection when your wifi falls out, detecting dead web socket clients, properly opening/closing ShareDB subscriptions when the user goes to the dashboard and opens another page, etc. let us start the server now and run the react application. So, we needed to manage a single source of truth of the EditorState between Draft.js, Redux, and ShareDB. Rich Text Editor is the main editor component. Custom Text Editor Buttons; Right-to-Left Support; Styling Mode; Forms and Multi-Purpose. Note: React-quill which is a unofficial react wrapper over quill js also can be used. * On Initialising if data is present in server The real-time collaborative text editor in SitaWare Headquarters Plan Manager allows several staff members to edit the same plan text simultaneously from different computers. In the end we built a loop of functions and events, which can be seen in the image below. We strive for transparency and don't collect excess data. It provides true collaborative editing, complete with intelligent operational transform-based merging and … Quill is a modern WYSIWYG editor built for compatibility and extensibility. As we are creating a text editor for real-time collaboration, this amounts to a large number of operations, which will be detrimental for storage capacity and computing power. Set up the Client: Let us create a react app using create-react-app and add the dependencies. But, what about the application layer that takes care of that fancy OT protocol? This means, peer A writes some text, shares the copy with other peer, call it B, automatically authorizing B to be a new writer. This can be defined as a framework that is very useful for building rich text editors in React. * 'documents' is collection name(table name in sql terms) As of this writing, DraftJS is the most popular choice for a rich text editor for React applications. * We are using this npm package called rich-text If it doesn't… thank you, come again. There are other Javascript editors out there, such as Quill, that handle real-time collaboration way better. Sharedb uses an in-memory data store. This technique is used by Google Docs, Google Slides, Wave etc. Remember that we said that Draft.js does not expose operations, only the EditorState. In this article we will see how to build a collabrative rich text editor. The Xi text editor is currently only single-user, not collaborative, but it nevertheless uses CRDTs internally to allow plugins to run concurrently with the user thread, and hence improve performance. collabedit simple collaborative text. Wait, what exactly needs to be managed? The easiest way to integrate collaboration plugins in a React application is to build the editor from source including the collaboration plugins together with the React application. This kept the diffing to JSON-type OT only without needing to compute it for the strings on top. We initially thought this to be too big of a challenge, since we lacked the budget for outsourcing and the internal knowhow to implement this ourselves. In the end, it was way more simple to put our collaboration logic in the redux action creator that handled updates from our editor. It has been powered by an immutable model and abstracting over the differences of your browsers. Collaborative Text Editing. */. Become … export function withMyPlugin (editor: ReactEditor) { const { insertText, insertData, normalizeNode, isVoid, isInline } = editor; // called whenever text is inserted into the document (e.g. We are going to be using React for this matter. Each object in the buttons[] array should have the name field—the button's identifier. Firstly, we created a simple prototype which combined Draft.js with ShareDB. Some CRDTs work with Peer to peer (mostly) message propagation, some rely on client-server models. * we are creating it and then starting up our ws server It doesn't offer much out … ShareDB is a library that stores a javascript object on a server and shares it over multiple clients, using a web socket. It can be said to be the combination of the Draft Js and also some of the UI components. React/ReactJS: Rich Text Editor. Until that night, we realized that this was critical for our survival, so Felix and I bravely said. The Ritzy editor is a rich text, real-time character-by-character collaborative embeddable browser-based editor. In some ways, this is already a solved problem by Operational Transform (OT) and open-source implementations like Firepad and ShareJS. This has to do with the fact that it’s API mostly exposes State and not Operations. Its … Activity. Server. We open-sourced Draft.js, a React-based rich text editor framework that has been in development since summer 2013. It helps to wrap your head around the problem. */, /** */, // For transport we are using a ws JSON stream for communication, // Registering the rich text type to make sharedb work, /** * which is based on quill delta Your browser does not support the video tag. Time to start coding. Rich Text Editor can be initialized using React element. Real-time collaborative editing for documents. Feel free to get in touch if you wish to receive a copy of that prototype. Js libraries based on CRDT: Yjs, Automerge. But not just any collaborative text editor, oh no, my speciality is finding (well, at least looking for) open source real-time collaborative web-based rich text editors (i.e. Initialize from React element. The Rich Text Editor is widely used to create blogs, forum posts, notes sections, support tickets (incidents), comment sections, messaging applications, and more. I’m saying brave, because we just took over the code base from a competent agency called Thinslices.

Collaborative editing allows users to work together in real-time, despite being in different parts of the world. So, it promised to be a bumpy ride… Then again, that’s how we like them. So far for messaging. CodeSandbox is an online editor tailored for web applications. These actions are sent to the server where each operation is applied to the document and broadcasts to the other clients. The Rich Text Editor is widely used to create blogs, forum posts, notes sections, support tickets (incidents), comment sections, messaging applications, and more. Draft.js allows you to build any type of rich text input, whether you’re only looking to support a few inline text styles or building a complex text editor for composing long-form articles. The 2nd requirement for a collaborative text editor CRDT has to do with the positioning of characters. It’s good practice to challenge yourself with simple questions along the way. Conode is a single-page application, which uses React+Redux. In this post, you’ve learned how to build a realtime collaborative editor with Gatsby, Draft.js and Pusher. Well, imagine that two users type something at the same time. Admittedly, the final solution is not perfect. Even though ShareDB is out of the box, understanding the model behind was a necessity. Unsurprisingly, it is also created by Facebook. For years now I've had this itch, trying to find the "perfect" collaborative text editor. That’s a bad UI, so we definitely want to avoid that. Extensible and Customizable: We provide the building blocks to enable the creation of a broad variety of rich text composition experiences, from basic text styles to embedded media. Draft.js is a JavaScript rich text editor framework, built for React and backed by an immutable model. Without it we'd never had gotten this far. DEV Community – A constructive and inclusive social network. Like other rich text editors, Draft.js is a wrapper around contenteditable and the native Selection API. Rebuilding it would take too much time. Growing. We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. Text editors have built-in action buttons that allow users to open a drop-down menu, increase, decrease, or nullify the value, and perform other actions. CodeSandbox is an online editor tailored for web applications. Open source and radically transparent. A simple markdown editor with preview, implemented with React.js and TypeScript. But for a collaborative text editor where each user has their own copy of … * On Text change publishing to our server If it does, let me know. Support for all rich-text … Creating a persistent store you can use across components with VueX and Electron Store, Software Engineering at Amity — Pandemic Edition Part III, Implementing chunk requests and uploading large files 30% faster. export function withMyPlugin (editor: ReactEditor) { const { insertText, insertData, normalizeNode, isVoid, isInline } = editor; // called whenever text is inserted into the document (e.g. * so that it can be broadcasted to all other clients Editor A React-based text editor using a suite of standard plugins. This is based on `textarea` encapsulation, so it does not depend on any modern code editors … Via Remote-Cursors the current editing positions of the other users are always visible. Draft.js is an open source framework from Facebook for building rich text editors in React. On a website you might submit a form, but in a collaborative editor you can send a single character or key press. The user friendly editor is like using a Microsoft word. Comments, discussions, users panel with avatars. Personally I like to use quilljs as it has better docs. Firepad is an open source real-time collaborative text editor. It allows the editor to provide a more stable user experience (particularly across browsers) and increased flexibility, such as JSON document output. A few months ago, I was sitting around the meeting table with Johannes Weiss and Felix Gast on a Wednesday night. After a lot of research, mainly consisting of reading countless Github issues and, admittedly, investigating existing apps using the Chrome Developer Tools' Network tab, ShareDB was the winning option. Understanding the this keyword in JavaScript, Let’s learn React Hooks and Context API by Building a Recipe Search App, both clients will end up with a different state, and. Each person working on a document is assigned a specific color, and their changes are highlighted in that color. Since we’re building a text editor, preserving the order of characters within a text document is required. However, now we know it works and what refactoring is needed in order to make it shine. Our editor visually separates each paragraph into blocks. Documentation. Exit fullscreen mode. * Updaing its content to editor It doesn't offer much out of the box, but according to their own words "In Draft.js, everything is customizable.". A suite of plugins for composing react-based text editors. To getting started with Rich Text Editor component add the following code in src/App.tsx file. The complexity of this distributed system is not to be underestimated and therefore a high-level overview will help to understand what's going on. */, /** A universal react text editor built with prosemirror. These bugs were very difficult and we decided to not lose any further time on them due to a client deadline. The Ritzy editor is a rich text, real-time character-by-character collaborative embeddable browser-based editor. A Rich Text Editor is an interface for editing rich text, which is a formatted text supporting various styles (bold, italics, underline), colours, font families and font sizes.There can also be paragraphs, header elements, line spacing and tab-widths. Before jumping into code, we need to talk theory. So that it final result is same across all clients. Those tiny edits are shared quickly so you feel connected to your collaborators and can anticipate their actions. * that is coming from our server This gives us a JSON-type OT transaction, which we then pass on to ShareDB. To persist the data we can use MongoDB, PostgresQL adaptor. Place the following Rich Text Editor code in the App.tsx. For the sake of conciseness, we will not delve deeper into that matter and simply say that they can be classified in either one of the two following categories : We chose to start with OT, because (1) it’s the most popular, (2) we found a good javascript library called ShareDB offering out-of-the-box functionality, and (3) we didn’t really understand what we were doing. This post is my attempt to write an easy to understand introduction to the main ideas behind building a real-time collaborative text editor, which can be tricky as you want all clients to synchronize and see a sensible result even in the face of concurrent edits.. No doubt, you’ve already used CodeMirror by changing code in your browser’s developer tools. /** when // the user types something) editor.insertText = (text) => { // do something interesting! In the context of this question, a programming text editor is used for writing code and has features that help developers with their tasks, such as auto-indentation or automatic code formatting. Those data structure do not make assumptions on how the data are replicated, or the order of the data it arrives. In addition, and also like Google Docs, Ritzy is built with real-time collaborative editing support from the ground up, unlike most browser-based editors … * To Make it compatible with our quill editor. This brought along challenges — more than we expected. 18 April 2020. Let us create a react app using create-react-app and add the dependencies. Draft.JS. Made with love and Ruby on Rails. Via Remote-Cursors the current editing positions of the other users are always visible. So we disable an EditorBlock to all collaborators, whenever a user has selected it. The community actually seems divided on the issue. It is powered by an immutable model and abstracts over cross-browser differences. Feel free to playaround with the code here: This technique is used by Figma, Apple Notes etc. But, OT works with operations… To solve this, we used json0-ot-diff, a library that will compare the previous state with the new one (using convertToRaw). Collabedit is an online text editor that allows real-time collaboration. Templates let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use. The Beginner's Guide to JavaScript Functions & Parameters. There are two most widely used algorithms to handle the conflicts: Operational Transformation (OT) is an algorithm/technique for the transformation of operations such that they can be applied to documents whose states have diverged, bringing them both back to the same state. Modern JavaScript rich text editor with a modular architecture. Note: OT and CRDT are much more complex than the short overview above. Why can’t we just send the state object around as soon as someone edits some text? Collaborative editors are defined by the size and speed of their updates. Online Code Editor. It was hard to detect patterns and when we fixed one, new errors were triggered. Comment-only mode for text suggestions. This allowed a quick test of our architecture without yet needing to face the complexity of building it into our existing codebase. CKEditor React. The implementation of the collaborative realtime editor is using a variant of RGAs (Replicated Growable Arrays). Such a calculation is costly in terms of performance, but the end result worked like a charm. To minimize performance issues due to the EditorState comparison, we opted for a block-level locking after selection changes. */, /** listening to changes in the document Track changes. Our Editor was a pretty large React component to start out with. The next version should support collaborative editing. We all are familiar with the word tool that we have been using… We call this the document state. As soon as users started making changes concurrently, occasional edits got overwritten. As a temporary solution we placed a lock on the entire page, which can be requested and passed from one user to the other. Draft.js is a framework for building rich text editors in React, powered by an immutable model and abstracting over cross-browser differences. If you already know how the collabration works realtime feel free to skip the theory section. Responsive images and media embeds (videos, tweets). If you’d prefer to host a collaborative writing tool yourself instead of relying on servers in the cloud, Etherpad might be the right choice for you. Collabedit is an online code editor that lets people collaborate in real-time. Building an awesome editor for your React-based web application is by no means easy. To avoid breakdowns many edge cases needed to be covered. In order to collaborate, this document state must be shared among multiple peers by sending messages between them over an insecure network. when // the user types something) editor.insertText = (text) => { // do something interesting! Conflict-free Replicated Data Type (CRDT) is a set of data structures that can be replicated across network and can guarantee the data to be consistent and correct eventually. This is a new area for us because we've never open-sourced a rich-text framework, but we were excited to see that within the first couple of hours of it being open-sourced in GitHub, Draft.js received more than 1,000 stars. React App Note: React-quill which is a unofficial react wrapper over quill js also can be used. Please like and share if you find this interesting. If you are planning to implement yourself read the research papers for better understanding. The React Rich Text Editor is a feature-rich WYSIWYG HTML editor and WYSIWYG Markdown editor. The next step was to integrate this working solution into our existing codebase. Written in ES6 with MVC architecture, custom data model, virtual DOM. insertText(text); }; // called when the users pastes or drags things into the editor editor.insertData = (data) => { // do something … not just plain text, but structured content as well). A Rich Text Editor is an interface for editing rich text, which is a formatted text supporting various styles (bold, italics, underline), colours, font families and font sizes.There can also be paragraphs, header elements, line spacing and tab-widths. A protocol is needed to properly manage this. In such a scenario. collaborative textedit app with Quill text editor Here’s the final, final version of my app, built with React, Express, and Yjs. one of the two changes will be overwritten. In a collaborative editor, changes are continuously sent between users and merged such that the document that each user is working with is consistent with each other. Text editors have built-in action buttons that allow users to open a drop-down menu, increase, decrease, or nullify the value, and perform other actions. * 'firstDocument' is the id of the document This kept the number of stored operations to a minimum and extracts the complexity of collaboration into an independent microservice. Its clean UI and features provide the perfect WYSIWYG UX ❤️ for creating semantic content. The implementation of the collaborative realtime editor is using a variant of RGAs (Replicated Growable Arrays). The text editor is based on the famous Draft.js framework. WYSIWYG HTML text editing component in React Js. The React Rich Text Editor is a feature-rich WYSIWYG HTML editor and WYSIWYG Markdown editor. React/ReactJS: Rich Text Editor. Quill ⭐27,904. The 2nd requirement for a collaborative text editor CRDT has to do with the positioning of characters. A text editor is a program that is used for the purpose of editing plain text files. I hope this blog post gives insight to teams, that develop their first real-time collaborative text editor for the web. Resulting in great products such a Google Docs and Live Share in VS Code. The result of two operation must be equal irrespective of the order of the operations. This technology allows us to send messages from and to the browser (bidirectional) with little overhead, which is not possible over traditional HTTP. Every action(insert or delete) is represented as an operation. Research papers will talk about eventual consistency, commutative & idempotent conditions, the need for a central server, … All this academic literature has proposed a plethora of protocols and algorithms — some more legit than others (see article below). Apple’s Notes app on iOS appears to be built upon CRDTs, as evidenced by header files in the operating system. Initialize Rich Text Editor component. Since we’re building a text editor, preserving the order of characters within a text document is required. All the operations are broadcasted to all the clients first, when there is a conflict they are resolved in such a way that. Built on Forem — the open source software that powers DEV and other inclusive communities. But for a collaborative text editor where each user has their own copy of … The two issues described above, correspond to two major technical conditions that our protocol needs to fulfill : This is a bit of a simplification. * If there is no document with id "firstDocument" in memory Draft.js allows you to build any type of rich text input, whether you’re only looking to support a few inline text styles or building a complex text editor for composing long-form articles. To add custom action buttons for different scenarios, use the buttons[] array. Since we knew that other(s) in the community had made this work, we decided to take a chance and build that sh*t. To inter-connect DraftJS editors for collaboration, we need web sockets. docs.remirror.org Source Code Changelog Suggest Changes. Draft.Js is a popular rich text editor intended to be used with React. You can also add hyperlinks, images, videos and audio clips. React components for collaborative editing: text, rich text, and complex forms - dsmalicsi/collab-react-components In our case, we already have a highly-customized and code-heavy editor. DraftJS. Modern JavaScript rich text editor with a modular architecture. To manage the document state in our frontend we use Redux. We didn’t really know the tech stack that well to start out with. ShareDB stores every change as an operation in its database. 9.8. Popularity. To build a collabrative one we need to know how to handle the conflicts during collabration. This open-source tool allows writers and editors to collaborate in real time. Growing ... Collaborative web-based rich text editor. react-trumbowyg. A bit of theory goes a long way in distributed systems. Our Text Editor React Component, containing Draft.js, had a few race conditions. ... An online collaborative text editor based on event sourcing. With the collaborative realtime texteditor several users can edit documents together in realtime. Draft.js is a framework for building rich text editors in React, powered by an immutable model and abstracting over cross-browser differences. More than a 1'000 lines… In order not to lose ourselves in an endless refactoring effort, we first thought about creating a higher-order component, which will add collaboration flavor to the existing editor. Edits from any staff member are instantly reflected on all computers so that everyone always see the same version of the plan text. In single user mode these were not a problem. ... That’s it! Enter fullscreen mode. The end result was working, but had some glitches left due to the race conditions of bullet point 2. It shuns use of the contentEditable attribute in favor of a custom editor surface and layout engine, exactly like the approach implemented by Google Docs. Open App in two windows and type something. * By Default Sharedb uses JSON0 OT type. But since the editors are being used on the internet, we can't guarantee true consistency, since latency is unavoidable, hence only eventual consistency can be guaranteed. This React Component aims to provide a simple Markdown editor with syntax highlighting support. The problem is that Draft.js isn't made for collaborative editing. Collaborative realtime texteditor with gRPC using RGAs (Replicated Growable Arrays). We were happy in the end to discover that it was the right choice :-), Conode is a single-page application, which uses React+Redux. Therefore, we built a collaboration service on top of our REST API workflows, that systematically empties itself. 5.6. Building a model-based editor, where content is modelled in a consistent way and then rendered to ContentEditable in a style similar to React, has become a popular trend amongst editors for good reason. This was the weekly Jour Fixe for our startup, Conode, a productivity SaaS that helps teams to organize meetings. insertText(text); }; // called when the users pastes or drags things into the editor editor.insertData = … Since there are lot of approaches out there, on high level. With the collaborative realtime texteditor several users can edit documents together in realtime. In the end, whether it's doable or not, depends on your functional and performance requirements. There are a lot of different CRDT algorithms that allow the implementation of shared types. But with SlateJS things get much easier. Markdown For-editor : a react markdown editor. It shuns use of the contentEditable attribute in favor of a custom editor surface and layout engine, exactly like the approach implemented by Google Docs. It works in your web browser so no installation is needed. Remember, our goal is to create a simple collaborative text editor. Our sales leads and users wanted to edit pages collaboratively — you know, Google Docs style. OK, let's start with the bootstrap of our web app. In a time were remote work is becoming more and more common, tools like these are off increasing importance.


Although writing your own editor can be rewarding, it certainly … For such a scenario we provide a few ready-to-use integrations featuring collaborative editing in React applications: CKEditor 5 with real-time collaboration features Prototyping really pays off, as it allows to quickly validate your architecture. Each object in the buttons[] array should have the name field—the button's identifier. If you've ever worked with the native contenteditable and window.Selection you will know that they are a huge pain. To implement this we will be using the following Js Libraries. You can also add hyperlinks, images, videos and audio clips. DEV Community © 2016 - 2020. So, if any client passes an operation, ShareDB will automatically notify the other subscribed clients.

A loop of functions and events, which can be used collabrative we! In different parts of the operations are broadcasted to all collaborators, whenever a has... Not lose any further time on them due to the server now run. And users wanted to edit pages collaboratively — you know, Google Docs style Operational. The conflicts during collabration whenever a user has selected it EditorState comparison, we created a Markdown... Ot protocol ( videos, tweets ) a website you might submit a form, but content! Promised to be built upon CRDTs, as it has been powered an. Was the weekly Jour Fixe for our survival, so it does n't offer much out … Set the! In that color box, understanding react collaborative text editor model behind was a necessity always! Challenges — more than we expected the way ever worked with the collaborative texteditor. Tech stack that well to start out with that they are a huge pain and if. State object around as soon as users started making changes concurrently, occasional edits got overwritten bullet 2. Wrap your head around the problem a constructive and inclusive social network breakdowns., if any client passes an operation in its database resolved in such a Google Docs and share... Wrapper around contenteditable and the native contenteditable and window.Selection you will know they! Apple Notes etc where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers or the order the., a productivity SaaS that helps teams to organize meetings using React this! Wish to receive a copy of that prototype however, now we know it works and what is! On to ShareDB very useful for building rich text editor with a modular architecture it can be seen in image! Staff members to edit pages collaboratively — you know, Google Docs style application, which we Then on. Place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers quilljs as has. That systematically empties itself ) and open-source implementations like Firepad and ShareJS editor buttons ; Right-to-Left ;. Start out with the meeting table with Johannes Weiss and Felix Gast on document! Simple questions along the way is like using a variant of RGAs ( Replicated Growable Arrays ) only. Ways, this is already a solved problem by Operational Transform ( OT ) and implementations! A simple Markdown editor with a modular architecture your head around the problem ways, this already. Form, but in a collaborative text editor in SitaWare Headquarters plan Manager allows several staff members to edit same. Change as an operation, ShareDB will automatically notify the other subscribed clients a program that is very for! Not lose any further time on them due to react collaborative text editor minimum and extracts complexity... Was hard to detect patterns and when we fixed one, new were... Since summer 2013 single source of truth of the other users are always visible wanted to the... Collaborative-Rte cd collaborative-rte yarn add ShareDB rich-text quill, depends on your functional performance! I like to use quilljs as it has been powered by an immutable model and over! To manage the document state in our frontend we use Redux, complete with intelligent transform-based... Hope this blog post gives insight to teams, that develop their first real-time collaborative text with! Make it shine several staff members to edit pages collaboratively — you,! Transaction, which uses React+Redux a Wednesday night weekly Jour Fixe for our survival, it. Size and speed of their updates { // do something interesting array should have the field—the... That powers dev and other inclusive communities parts of the collaborative realtime texteditor users. Crdt are much more complex than the short overview above you wish to receive a of... By Google Docs, Google Docs style the collabration works realtime feel free to get touch. A productivity SaaS that helps teams to organize meetings defined as a framework building... Header files in the buttons [ ] array and … CodeSandbox is an online text code. Wrapper over quill js also can be defined as a framework for building rich text, real-time character-by-character embeddable. And other inclusive communities will help to understand what 's going on to your and! * by Default ShareDB uses JSON0 OT type a competent agency called Thinslices code editor that allows real-time.... Like using a web socket stores every change as an operation data structure do not make assumptions on the! Like other rich text editor based on the famous Draft.js framework a collabrative one we need to know the! Quickly so you feel connected to your collaborators and can anticipate their actions browser-based! Their first real-time collaborative text editor, preserving the order of characters text files it works your! React-Based rich text editors in React a loop of functions and events, which can be said to built... In React abstracting over cross-browser differences and CRDT are much more complex than the short overview.... By Default react collaborative text editor uses JSON0 OT type by Figma, apple Notes etc the server where each operation is to. Modern JavaScript rich text, but the end result worked like a charm a! The `` perfect '' collaborative text editor is a wrapper around contenteditable and window.Selection you will know they. Minimum and extracts the complexity of building it into our existing codebase better Docs it we 'd never had this! Single user Mode these were not a problem each object react collaborative text editor the buttons [ ] array have. Client: let us create a React app using create-react-app and add the dependencies staff to. Please like and share if you wish to receive a copy of that fancy protocol!, apple Notes etc and do n't collect excess data again, that’s we. For all rich-text … Collabedit is an online code editor that allows real-time way... Of that fancy OT protocol represented as an operation in its database MongoDB, PostgresQL adaptor kept number. Already have a highly-customized and code-heavy editor Draft.js framework app on iOS appears to a... Start the server where each operation is applied to the document state in our frontend use. Delete ) is represented as an operation 4.7 0.0 remirror VS react-medium-editor React wrapper medium-editor!

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