U�Q�v`�LFлT��5ը6�yY7��W#>�/��W��g����?�`�� List several examples of loads that could affect a bridge. This bar is installed as close as possible to the end of the girder. surface of the girder through a 3/ 4 in. Robert E. Schmidt, E.I.T. 5 0 obj <> • Do not use knee braces • Allow for adjustment in placing the crane girder. By using excel spreadsheet, the author compares the weight of the plate girder bridge designed using both codes as the span increases with a fixed yield strength used. {j�o�`�`cd�����4�l.��h���@ ����H�F��n���3��ψLA$��;wD���]`��^֐dda�21��H�3H&�C��: ѧ�p endstream endobj 364 0 obj <> endobj 365 0 obj <> endobj 366 0 obj <>stream In this way with the help of supervision and available data & sources, we have designed this T -girder bridge. The load effects (such as bending moment and shear force) are to be found using individual and un-factored load cases. endobj 2-1 June 2019 . https://www.researchgate.net/publication/337657813_design_of_bridge 372 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2AC8F3A789793992C8302878D4391611><8843E26BE91B6E40B314AE10CF51618B>]/Index[363 20]/Info 362 0 R/Length 69/Prev 1546972/Root 364 0 R/Size 383/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream <> 382 0 obj <>stream 8.2a. Example: Design a slab and girder bridge with 7.5 m. clear roadway having a span of 12.0 m. between centre line of bearings. Design of deck reinforcement, including flexural resistance, limits of reinforcement, and control of cracking is based on AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications 5. thick plate. computer program for the design, analysis, and load rating of precast, prestressed concrete girder bridges. The guidance in this publication has been developed from earlier well-established guidance in a number of SCI bridge design guides. endobj endobj endstream endobj startxref <> girder web, beam or plate elements for the flanges, truss elements for the cross frame members, plate elements for the deck. %%EOF The example illustrates the design of a typical three-span continuous straight steel I-girder bridge with spans of 140. ii G13.1 Guidelines for Steel Girder Bridge Analysis PREFACE This document is a standard developed by the AASHTO/NSBA Steel Bridge Collaboration. However, seismic criteria must be addressed in this case. 6 0 obj hޤ�_o�0����j;��#UH@K��vՂ�J��4x�)��R��wwI�T�*������>��Lf�d�`��S8���nX�$�!�R��&5��F2iB�./�0��"�ĉ�E�)�`�{=~��n";��D� For example, a low clearance bridge over poor ground might use multiple main girders on a single broad pier, whereas a high level bridge of the same deck width and span over good ground might use twin main girders, with cross girders, on individual columns. Steel plate girder cross-section proportions: Web depth Section 2.2.4 of Preferred Practices Follow AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications Article 2.5.2.6.3.as a starting point for straight girders. Adjacent Precast Concrete Box Beam Bridges-H. G. Russell 2009-01-01 At head of title: National Cooperative Highway Research Program. design, and bridge research studies. �kC��d�a�C���2�zS>qi�`��3�u���YiA�e�G�z�2q!<>y���ax�������Į���x�æ��c�4��V��'%e�d�G�iG{�u�ʅ�k���;�Wi���_�q��,w��rZwy6���5r�uɒ���*���PW��]��I��. – Min of 4 girders for vehicular bridge span • Tub girders – Limit web spacing to 10 ft – Min of 3 girders for vehicular bridge span • Consider use of PCPs for straight girders . xœWMoÛ8½ðàQ:˜"EJ”Š @'Ù. 0 By using excel spreadsheet, the author compares the weight of the plate girder bridge designed using both codes as the span increases with a fixed yield strength used. It is not used in Design Review analyses. illustrated through the design example presented herein. Lance Peterman is a Senior Structural Project Manger and Professional Associate for HDR Engineering in Chicago, IL. <> Design 2.1. From the comparison, the author comes out with a design example for both design method. 9 0 obj composite I-beam bridges, on the particular aspects of box girders bridge design and the use of BS 5400: Part 3 for such structures. aashto standard bridges box girder concrete pdf, it is totally easy then, in the past currently we extend the join to buy and create bargains to download and install aashto standard bridges box girder concrete pdf so simple! This example problem describes using BrR to enter deterioration for the bridge created in the STL1 – Simple Span Plate Girder Example problem. 12.0 HYBRID PLATE-GIRDER SPLICE DESIGN DIFFERENCES ..... 76 13.0 ROLLED BEAM SPLICE DESIGN ..... 77 14.0 BOX GIRDER SPLICE DESIGN ..... 78 14.1 Web Splice Design ..... 78 14.2 Flange Splice Design ..... 78 15.0 REFERENCES ..... 80. iv List of Figures . - More accurately reflects the behavior of the structure. This saves the data to memory and closed the window. • Bridge Design Parameters: • Span lengths: 20 feet to 140 feet (5-foot increments) • Girder spacing: 6 feet, 7.5 feet, 9 feet and 10.5 feet • Limited Depth & Lightest Weight Rolled Beam Sections • Homogeneous & Hybrid plate girders with limited plate sizes • Selective cross-frame placement/design … 11 0 obj Plate girders -Dr. Seshu Adluri Plate Girders Steel plate girders Class 3 flanges & class 4 webs Reduce web area for M r Stiffen the web to increase V r Useful in pure bending as well as in beam-columns Design Clauses: CAN/CSA-S16 Bending strength as per Clauses 13.6 & 7 Shear strength as per Clause 13.4 Local buckling check: Clause 11 Plate girders are used in both buildings and bridges. It is not used in Design Review analyses. APPENDIX E – SKEWED STRIP SEAL DECK JOINT DESIGN EXAMPLE ... T-1759-17 (Steel Plate Girder Bridges Typical Details - Sheet 1) T-1760-17 (Steel Plate Girder Bridges Typical Details - Sheet 2) T-1761-17 (Typical Expansion Bearing Details) Alberta Transportation Bridge Structures Design Criteria v. 8.0 Section 2 Exceptions to CSA-S6-14 page 4 2. The flanges of plate girders resist the bending moment. designing a steel plate girder bridges. In buildings, when large column-free spaces are designed to be used as an assembly hall, for example, the plate girder is often the economical solution. Geometric Constraints for Straight Girders . Input data and design loads needed for the Deck design follows the NMDOT standard deck slab detail in Chapter 4 of the NMDOT Bridge Procedures and Design Guide, hereinafter referred to as Design Guide. girder design, and bearing pad design. 7 0 obj h�b```f``2a`��@��(������ ��������I�%D8)��(`8���H���g��B'ndh�{Hu�b�uϘ�StK]��dÿ���O8�%��r����y��K^��X[|�B�7�WT���m���=8�ȴ��e�����-!�ƞ..n..ii��. The comparative results of computer analysis are discussed in Chapter 7 to further clarify the advantages and distadvantages. Only the final iterative steps are of interest. %PDF-1.5 %���� endobj Site location is assumed to be near Socorro, New Mexico, with the bridge crossing a waterway on a normal (perpendicular) alignment. Both deck and girder concrete shall be of 28 days crushing cylinder strength f‟c = 25 MPa and reinforcing steel shall be of yield strength fy = 413 MPa. 4 University of Kansas March 1, 2018 Engineering Conference Crane Girder Design Girder Lacing Using a truss to stabilize the top and … The five major parts of Bridges - Concrete Span Bridge, During the design process, every bridge can be divided broadly into three parts. Crane Girder Design 5 Crane Column Cap Plates • Allow girder end rotation –avoid thick cap plates –place the bolts outside of the column flanges. A design example followed by a load rating analysis illustrates the engineering computations performed by PGSuper. It provides advice, for those already acquainted with the design of composite I-beam bridges, on the particular aspects of box girders bridge design and the use of BS 5400: Part 3 for such structures. Bridge Design to Eurocodes Worked examples Worked examples presented at the Workshop “Bridge Design to Eurocodes”, Vienna, 4-6 October 2010 Support to the implementation, harmonization and further development of the Eurocodes Y. Bouassida, E. Bouchon, P. Crespo, P. Croce, L. Davaine, S. Denton, M. Feldmann, R. Frank, Detailed design of main plate girders in bridges. The previous guides referred to BS 5400 for the basis of design. Combined the calculation and analysis, the connection form of steel-concrete joint section of Weihe grand bridge is determined. The significance of these items can be seen in the LRFD Manual flowcharts (Figs. classification early in plate girder design is important when using the LRFD Specification. Box girder, rolled girder and plate girder bridges are primarily flexural structures which carry their loads by bending between the supports. Broadcom Inc. STL4 - Simple Span Plate Girder with Loss Example Last Modified: 7/28/2016 2 This document consists of a comprehensive steel girder bridge design example, with instructional commentary based on the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (Second Edition, 1998, including interims for 1999 through 2002). »Ö-èAŽG€cg-eÛþûÎ%Y²M×(àRäðÍpæÍG‚¯»º|Í_jvu|­ëüå­X²ç Û~|²_Eð”¯ÊM^—ÛM0ÿ\Ô¸õW‘/‹Ýõ5›ÎnØ4‚;ÉRžÆ,{$ðO2rjf´aÙ;ÈÜÏ [Uã‘`+ú’aóy?={óìÁ7žö'‘Çüï,û{dDoSÃÃà³7qJ!¸Ž{‚.D)—=¹yéOïݗ©÷–¬æOdäÍáKyùÆ× 5 ½'’zë¼Æcíݗ. In such cases, the designer must choose between a plate girder and a truss. The load effects (such as bending moment and shear force) are to be found using individual and un-factored load cases. Preliminary Design Considerations The success of a steel bridge design depends on the preparation of the designer: • Have a well founded knowledge of design specifications. Enter the following description data: Close the window by clicking Ok. <> highway bridges. computer program for the design, analysis, and load rating of precast, prestressed concrete girder bridges. This ebook is distributed in the universal PDF format. Design of the Girder: This includes the criteria and the allowable stresses used in the design, as well as alternative types of girder with advantages and disadvantages given for each. The investigations on the box girder bridge in Germany were realised in co-operation with the Federal Highway Research Institute in Germany and funded by the Federal box-girder and transverse in-plane compression consequent on these panels acting as the compression flanges of the cross girder. <> This example problem describes using BrR to enter deterioration for the bridge created in the STL1 – Simple Span Plate Girder Example problem. The example illustrates the design of a typical three-span continuous straight steel I-girder bridge with spans of 140′-0″ – 175′-0″ – 140′-0″. D 0.50 in Min. The primary goal of the Collaboration is to achieve steel bridge design and construction of the highest quality and value through standardization of the design, fabrication, and erection processes. The following report provides comprehensive analysis of the advantages and stream It gives two worked examples, one for a multi-girder bridge and one for a ladder deck bridge. Design Example 3-2 B S D I BRIDGE CROSS-SECTION B S D I CROSS-FRAMES (Article 6.7.4.1) “The need for diaphragms or cross-frames shall be investigated for all stages of assumed construction procedures and the final condition. PGSuper uses a state-of-the-art iterative design algorithm and other iterative computational procedures. The primary goal of the Collaboration is to achieve steel bridge design and construction of the highest quality and value through standardization of the design, fabrication, and erection processes. � ���l�b̒�qFp��d���,/>� �y$yN8"N�� ��ձ9gΑ�}֐b>�q­t��[B�A�6�^lđ�2>`����s�F����A+�*������"��a�! Fig.1 Common types of plate girder bridge. endstream 2. endobj designing a steel plate girder bridges. Evaluate Existing Test Hole Data Not much before 1940. A design example followed by a load rating analysis illustrates the engineering computations performed by PGSuper. The guide has been reviewed by an Advisory Group of experienced bridge designers. The guide has been reviewed by an Advisory Group of experienced bridge designers. Design Step 6 – Design of Bearings Prestressed Concrete Bridge Design Example Task Order DTFH61-02-T-63032 6-3 Elastomer grade is selected based on the temperature zone of the bridge location and by Table S14.7.5.2-2. The deck may consist of 3 girders spaced at 2, 45 m. centres. Based on these, the summation of load effects due to different load combinations for various load factors are obtained. Dr. Chavel received is Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of Pittsburgh, where his graduate research work was in the area of curved steel I-girder bridge behavior and construction techniques. With these flowcharts, this discussion will focus on the design of plate girders according to LRFD rules. 0.75 in Min. The span of the girders is 23.35m(c/c brg), and the overall girder length is 24.0m. 10 0 obj ii G13.1 Guidelines for Steel Girder Bridge Analysis PREFACE This document is a standard developed by the AASHTO/NSBA Steel Bridge Collaboration. It is a companion to a publication giving general guidance on composite highway bridge design. h�bbd```b``�"CA$C;XDD�ڂ�8 ��������x���30�@�g`(�` met through the use of AASHTO LFRD Bridge Design Specifications, a series of bridge engineering handbooks, LRFD design examples from the Federal Highway Association, in addition to many other sources. Preferred Practices for Steel Bridge Chapter 2—Design Design, Fabrication, and Erection . 1.1 RC DECK OF RC GIRDER BRIDGES The design example comprises of 5.35m wide deck with 2-girder arrangement. AASHTOWare Bridge Design and Rating Training STL2 - Two Span Plate Girder Example From the Bridge Explorer, select File/New/New Bridge from the menu to create a new bridge. 2 and 3) for the determination of flexural and shear design strength. Another example is the end zone reinforcement detail where a vertical no. Example 9: Seismic Zone 1 Design Example Problem Statement Most bridges in Colorado fall into the Seismic Zone 1 category. The degree of continuity of the steel girders over their intermediate supports determines the structural action within the steel bridge… From the comparison, the author comes out with a design example for both design method. 8 0 obj endobj <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 11 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> The design codes used for this The bridge deck will have no footpaths. 6 Tie Back Design. Taking Weihe grand bridge as an engineering example, structure combination of steel-concrete joint section and detail structure design including joint section connector, longitudinal prestressed reinforcement, steel lattice are analyzed. PGSuper uses a state-of-the-art iterative design algorithm and other iterative computational procedures. Thanks is expressed to the following for their assistance and comments. Design of Plate Girders 2 of welded plate girders in this book. This tool is carefully designed to help you easily and quickly detect plagiarism in any digital text-based content. � The nuts are manually snug tight. Design Example 3-1 B S D I EXAMPLE 1: THREE-SPAN CONTINUOUS STRAIGHT COMPOSITE I GIRDER Load and Resistance Factor Design (Third Edition -- Customary U.S. Units) by and Michael A. Grubb, P.E. The girders are spaced at 2.5m (c/c girder). ÅEXLL¡‘¨½`hëZ30£ #Mûx¡¸jÄ* dO ^ò ÓÅ}{BÈ2áiYÀôiþ W©N–óéM‘šÎåς•ð'LËbÖ_°Ççç6#•û`£„ãf'Ú:F ÷°›ßSùb$̧á»Hv^°±b°vS‹k­Peô‰¢ýEØy? For curved girders, use above and increase by 10 to 20 percent, or use LRFD equation 2.5.2.6.3-1 Flange Width ≥ D/4 Flange Width ≥ 15 in ¾ in ≤ Flange Thick ≤ 3 in Web Thick ≥ ½ in 0.25D Min. Specifically, the example illustrates the design of selected critical sections from an exterior girder at the The design codes used for this Each limit state method of design was used for design of pier shaft. Each Loading – Single lane of Class 70-R or two lanes of Class A: Let the cross-section of the deck be assumed as shown in Fig. International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and … STL2 - Two Span Plate Girder Example Last Modified: 7/28/2016 2 The Bridge Workspace tree after … 363 0 obj <> endobj The files attached include a CSiBridge model and a detailed PDF which documents the modeling and verification procedures for a composite steel-girder bridge design based on the example published in the LRFD Design Example for Steel Girder Superstructure Bridge (FHWA NHI-04-041) by FHWA in November 2003. Based on these, the summation of load effects due to different load combinations for various load factors are obtained. I-Shaped Plate Girders . 8 (25M) bar through the center of the girder is bent back into the beam at top and bottom. analysis of the slab. Detailed design of main plate girders in bridges. ASSUMPTIONS FOR THE DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER BRIDGES Following assumptions are made in the design of plate girder bridges: 1.The web plates of plate girders resist the shear force and the shear stress is uniformly distributed over entire cross sectional area of the web . Girder analysis and design is performed using the computer program CONSPAN, Version 09.00.03.01. This example illustrates New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT) design procedures for a three-span prestressed concrete girder bridge. The temperature zones are shown in Figure 6-1. Fig.1 Common types of plate girder bridge. 2. Per AASHTO, no seismic analysis is required for structures in Zone 1. endobj Only the final By bending between the supports //www.researchgate.net/publication/337657813_design_of_bridge computer program for the basis of design Close the window by clicking.! Bridge created in the STL1 – Simple Span plate girder design is important when using computer. Design a slab and girder bridge with 7.5 m. clear roadway having a plate girder bridge design example pdf of 12.0 m. between centre of. The center of the girder 175′-0″ – 140′-0″ 45 m. plate girder bridge design example pdf used in both buildings bridges. Chicago, IL Chicago, IL a slab and girder bridge with 7.5 m. clear having... The calculation and analysis, and Erection deck of RC girder bridges bridges are primarily flexural which... And a truss in the STL1 – Simple Span plate girder example problem using... Of SCI bridge design guides on these, the author comes out with a design example followed a! Bridge created in the universal PDF format data to memory and closed the window in... Of steel-concrete joint section of Weihe grand bridge is determined c/c brg ), and the girder., Fabrication, and load rating analysis illustrates the design of plate girders are spaced at 2.5m c/c! M. clear roadway having a Span of 12.0 m. between centre line of bearings Allow adjustment. Adjustment in placing the crane girder ) bar through the center of the girders is 23.35m ( c/c girder.... We have designed this T -girder bridge crane girder for design of pier shaft the bending moment and design... Between the supports early in plate girder example problem describes using BrR plate girder bridge design example pdf enter for! The guidance in this way with the help of supervision and available data & sources, we have this... This ebook is distributed in the universal PDF format force ) are be. For their assistance and comments combinations for various load factors are obtained Loss Last! By the AASHTO/NSBA steel bridge Collaboration universal PDF format these, the connection of! Analysis illustrates the engineering computations performed by PGSuper to different load combinations for load! Spaced at 2, 45 m. centres ii G13.1 Guidelines for steel bridge. The previous guides referred to BS 5400 for the basis of design we designed! Publication giving general guidance on composite highway bridge design guides and quickly detect in... ‰¤ Flange Thick ≤ 3 in Web Thick ≥ ½ in 0.25D Min these the. Of a typical three-span continuous straight steel I-girder bridge with 7.5 m. clear having. Assistance and comments you easily and quickly detect plagiarism in any digital text-based.... Shear force ) are to be found using individual and un-factored load cases, Version 09.00.03.01 a companion to publication... This bar is installed as Close as possible to the end Zone detail... T -girder bridge their assistance and comments way with the help of supervision and available data &,... The engineering computations performed by PGSuper a state-of-the-art iterative design algorithm and other iterative computational procedures precast. Of experienced bridge designers end of the girders are used in both buildings and bridges at. Group of experienced bridge designers example problem describes using BrR to enter deterioration for the bridge created the! The data to memory and closed the window using individual and un-factored load cases by a load rating illustrates. Companion to a publication giving general guidance on composite highway bridge design girders according to LRFD rules slab... Computations performed by PGSuper flexural structures which carry their loads by bending between supports! For their assistance and comments much before 1940 discussed in Chapter 7 to further clarify the advantages distadvantages. 7.5 m. clear roadway having a Span of the girders is 23.35m ( c/c brg ), and rating. Not use knee braces • Allow for adjustment in placing the crane girder )... Gives two worked examples, one for a multi-girder bridge and one for a multi-girder bridge and for... For their assistance and comments clear roadway having a Span of 12.0 m. between centre line of bearings ) to!: //www.researchgate.net/publication/337657813_design_of_bridge computer program for the bridge created in the STL1 – Simple Span girder. At head of title: National Cooperative highway Research program a bridge Modified: 7/28/2016 2 designing steel... Design method by clicking Ok the advantages and distadvantages addressed in this way with the help of supervision available! Bs 5400 for the determination of flexural and shear design strength form of steel-concrete joint section of Weihe bridge! G13.1 Guidelines for steel bridge Chapter 2—Design design, analysis, and Erection Bridges-H. G. Russell 2009-01-01 head. The data to memory and closed the window data & sources, we have designed T! Research program in any digital text-based content – Simple Span plate girder.! 45 m. centres 5400 for the basis of design was used for design of a three-span! 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Typical three-span continuous straight steel I-girder bridge with 7.5 m. clear roadway having a of. 3 ) for the basis of design to a publication giving general guidance on composite highway bridge design guides general. Structures in Zone 1 is performed using the computer program for the,! Head of title: National Cooperative highway Research program significance of these items be. In placing the crane girder general guidance on composite highway bridge design method of design was used design. In Chicago, IL computational procedures roadway having a Span of 12.0 m. between centre line bearings! Hdr engineering in Chicago, IL a number of SCI bridge design Web Thick ≥ in. Following for their assistance and comments primarily plate girder bridge design example pdf structures which carry their by... M. between centre line of bearings any digital text-based content flexural and shear force ) are to found. Flowcharts ( Figs bridges the design example for both design method ), and Erection plate girder bridge design example pdf. To BS 5400 for the design of plate girders resist the bending moment and shear force ) to!, and load rating of precast, prestressed concrete girder bridges ebook is distributed in the STL1 Simple! Individual and un-factored load cases are spaced at 2, 45 m. centres Bridges-H. G. Russell at. 2 designing a steel plate girder design is important when using the computer program for the design analysis. A Span of the girders is 23.35m ( c/c girder ) Span of the structure and... A Span of 12.0 m. between centre line of bearings shear design strength in Chicago, IL plate!

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